Zote descendants are supposed to be the main root and the heir of Pu Zo or Pu Jou. Pu Jou was a king in Tibet circa 2000 B.C.
The Teizâng people are believed to have originated from legendary settlement of Ciim Nuai village in about 1450 A.D, first settling at Luika village from there they moved forward to established Teizang village which is nearby the present Mualbem village in circa 1500 A.D. The name is derived from a kind of tropical hardwood tree called ‘Tei Síng’ which grew in a small plain(zâng) areas. So, Teizâng means ‘plain area where Tei trees grow’.There are sixteen villages inhabited by a population of about 10,000(ten thousand) in Tedim township. The Sukte family is the most famous people among the Teizang people or clan. It is told that Chief Hau Chin Khup even learned the Teizâng language when he started to rule his province. The famous Chief Kaih Mang, Khan Thuam, Kamhau and Hau Chin Khup were from Mualbem vilage. Many high ranking officers have hailed from Mualbem village. It is said that there are more than 40(forty) houses of Tungdim family of Pu Zo descendants living in Mualbem village today. It is told that the clever legendary Pu Penglam himself spoke Teizâng dialect.[P-176-77]
Tedim Dialect and Clan
The Beginning of Khuongnung dialect and Simte clans In the early part of 1860s due the constant inroads of Pu Khanthuam into the Zo territorial villages many Zo clans were displaced in the regions and across the Indian side of the borders. There were a lot of transborder migrations in search of better pastures and freedom from the heavy taxes imposed by the Sukte rulers of Chin Hills.The Zo people established Khuongnung village under the chieftainship of Pu Tungnung in circa 1450 A.D as proven by his folksongs. Later on, sometime before the rise of the Sukte rulers, the Khuongnung people(now called Simte in India) faced a lot of inter-tribal wars against the Poite, Hualngote and others so they invited Pu Hanghil to send one able son to be their chief. So, Pu Manlun became the chief of the Khuongnung people. About 1843 A.D, while Pu Langza was the chief of Khuongnung, they were attacked by Pu Khanthuam, and so they migrated to Singpitam later on again they migrated to Indian side of the border settling in the villages of Behieng, Hiengtam, Tonzang, Zomun, Singat, Muallum etc. and in Thanlon, Aina, Milongmun, Zotung, Sumtuh etc. While, the Samte families and some Tungdim clans continued to stay on. The Simte or Khuongnung language must have developed due to intermarriages beginning circa 1850 A.D from the intermingling of Zo clans and Simte ‘southerners; clans in course of their migrations because of intra-clan and inter tribal conflicts.
In circa 1700 AD Pu Thangkhup founded Thangkhal village.Till the time of the Sukte rule, Pu Za Gen and his families lived in it. In 1873 A.D Pu Za Gen founded Khaukuol village from Thangkhal. The Sukte rulers invaded the village in about 1887 A.D and they captured it and imposed heavy taxes on the villagers. The Sukte soldiers settled in the village intermarried with Zote girls, thus, was born what is known as a pidgin or creole of Zo language in linguistic terminology. Therefore, Thangkhal language is a curious mixture of Zo, Simte(Tedim) and Thado-Kuki speeches. While Zatual was ruling the village there were some misunderstandings among the villagers that all Zote descendants immediately left the village in 1863 A.D and they shifted to Thaangkaai province in villages such as Taitam, Theizuan, Khiangkan, Tual khiang, Khenzui, Cingtu. Pu Zatual completely burnt down Thangkhal village in circa 1868 A.D. The Zote shifted to Buanmual, Bizang, Sielmei, Phaisat, Aisih, Philang, Talai, Mualkawi, Mulam, Tuidam, Singheu, Saiboh and other villages.[P-122]. One interesting case history which proves the splitting or divergence of dialectical groups from the Zo/Zou or other main linguistic family is found in the contradictory tribal polarisation amongst the Thangkhal dialectical groups or clans; Tungnung, Suantak Dopmul, Manlun, and the Mate and some Thado clans, though, historically they are considered one and the same group of people who settled at Thangkhal village, recently there has been splits in their ideologies and their concept of tribe and language. On the other hand, the Thangkhal tribe movement has gained momentum recently due to various socio-economic and political factors. While, Thangkhal tribe is founded purely on basis or language or linguistic identity, whereas the Mate tribe which is demanding tribe recognition does not possess a common language like the Thangkhal tribe, large chunk of their population are still Thado-Kuki speakers, only time will tell how many tribes emerge out of Kuki-Chin linguistic groups in the coming years.